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When clogs and corrosion threaten residential water and heating systems, homeowners can simply call a plumber to snake a drain [...]
Thu, Aug 13, 2020
MIT Materials Science and Engineering
When Lauryn Kortman enrolled in Founder's Journey, MIT's entrepreneur-based first-year student seminar, she didn't expect it would lead to a [...]
Wed, Aug 12, 2020
MIT Materials Science and Engineering
Among the many things rodents have taught neuroscientists is that, in a region called the hippocampus, the brain creates a [...]
Wed, Aug 12, 2020
MIT Biology and Genetics
Researchers from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART), MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, have found a practical way [...]
Tue, Aug 11, 2020
MIT Biology and Genetics
Razors, scalpels, and knives are commonly made from stainless steel, honed to a razor-sharp edge and coated with even harder [...]
Thu, Aug 06, 2020
MIT Materials Science and Engineering
New discoveries about the disruption of condensates in the neurodevelopmental disorder Rett syndrome provide insights into how cells compartmentalize chromosomes, [...]
Wed, Jul 29, 2020
MIT Biology and Genetics
While shadowing human resources employees at a fast-growing technology company, Summer Jackson began to notice a strange pattern. The well-intentioned [...]
Fri, Jul 10, 2020
MIT Anthropology
Amah Edoh, associate professor in anthropology, has received the Everett Moore Baker Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching. This Institute-wide [...]
Wed, Jun 03, 2020
MIT Anthropology
Amy Moran-Thomas, the Alfred Henry and Jean Morrison Hayes Career Development Associate Professor of Anthropology at MIT, has been awarded [...]
Fri, Apr 24, 2020
MIT Anthropology

 

Cyborg

Are we already Cyborg? The short answer is yes, but most of us are Cybernetic Organisms by our use of the Internet to gain access to, and manage, digital information. Increasingly so… Every day, we bring more technology into our lives, leveraging the electronic energy to amplify and broaden our abilities..

Cybernetic Organisms. Cyborgs are what we are when we network via the Internet Protocol. The Internet Protocol Cybernetic Organism that is the Internet.

A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism“, is a being with both organic and artificial parts. See for example biomaterials and bioelectronics. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space.[1] D. S. Halacy’s Cyborg: Evolution of the Superman in 1965 featured an introduction which spoke of a “new frontier” that was “not merely space, but more profoundly the relationship between ‘inner space’ to ‘outer space’ – a bridge…between mind and matter.”[2]

The beginning of Cyborg creation began when HCI (human-computer interaction) began. There is a clear distinction between the human and computerized technology in HCI, which differs from cyborgs in that cyborgs act out human functions.

The term cyborg is often applied to an organism that has enhanced abilities due to technology,[3] though this perhaps oversimplifies the necessity of feedback for regulating the subsystem. The more strict definition of Cyborg is almost always considered as increasing or enhancing normal capabilities. While cyborgs are commonly thought of as mammals, they might also conceivably be any kind of organism and the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied to networks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts. It is hypothesized that cyborg technology will form a part of the future human evolution.

Fictional cyborgs are portrayed as a synthesis of organic and synthetic parts, and frequently pose the question of difference between human and machine as one concerned with morality, free will, and empathy. Fictional cyborgs may be represented as visibly mechanical (e.g. the Cybermen in the Doctor Who franchise or The Borg from Star Trek); or as almost indistinguishable from humans (e.g. the Terminators from the Terminator films, the “Human” Cylons from the re-imagining of Battlestar Galactica etc.) The 1970s television series The Six Million Dollar Man featured one of the most famous fictional cyborgs, referred to as a bionic man; the series was based upon a novel by Martin Caidin entitled Cyborg. Cyborgs in fiction often play up a human contempt for over-dependence on technology, particularly when used for war, and when used in ways that seem to threaten free will. Cyborgs are also often portrayed with physical or mental abilities far exceeding a human counterpart (military forms may have inbuilt weapons, among other things).